At present, various fields deal with the study of different events that took place in history and their overall impact on mankind. Ancient civilizations also provide information to scholars with which they learn about various cultures and religious aspects which had an influence on a particular place in the past. Apart from all civilizations of the past, Ancient Italy is considered as a cultural hub. This is so as the Roman Empire had a great deal of influence on the place and it is the birthplace of many learned artists, architectures and brave soldiers.
Historic Events Which Took Place In Ancient Civilizations
Roman Empire is one of the most influential phases related to Italy’s Ancient civilizations. The empire came into existence during 27 BCE and it is considered to have some of the most influential literates along with great militia which served for the betterment of its people. The first Roman ruler was Octavian he ruled the Roam for near about forty years and he was considered responsible to take the empire to its zenith. Senate of the empire granted Octavian through the help of which he started to govern several military governors.
Octavian undertook the name of Augustus and from there he started to work for the betterment of the empire by including many artists in his court and increased the influence of Latin. Under the rule of Augustus poets like Vergil, Rufus and Ovid developed great literature. Moreover, Emperor Augustus also urged poets to create more patriotic poems.
This was so because he wanted to influence more and more people to join hands with him and serve the nation. After his urge, Vergil created an epic poem named Aeneid which is considered as the cornerstone of the Latin literature.
During his reign, Augustus won over Britain and increased the area of the empire along with the economy. The reign of Augustus was considered the golden age of Ancient civilizations as it enlightened the peaceful era of Roman rule for about two centuries.
Civilization Under The Influence Of Middle Ages
The rule of Odoacer ended when Ostrogoths captured Italy while Theodoric was their leader. This resulted in a great war between the two armies due to which epidemics and famine broke the backbone of the empire. Thus, one of the German tribes named Lombards captured a large portion of Italy. The in 751 Lombards captured Ravenna and ended the existence of the Byzantine Empire.
After this Papacy pleaded to Franks for help, as a result, during 756 the militia of Franks defeated Lombards. Thus, Papacy got legalized authority over several parts of central Italy. Back in 800 Charlemagne became emperor of the Roman Empire, he then ruled for 14 years, but after his death, Italy again had to suffer from many invasions.
The Roman Empire than had to face the rise of Islamic emperors from the Arabian Peninsula. This resulted in severe attacks caused by Umayyad Caliphate in the southern region. Moreover, the Northern part of the Roman Empire was facing the uprise of Communes. Then in 852, Saracens captured Bari and they made Emirate in that place. The Islamic emperors stared to rule over Sicily since 902 and it lasted till 1061. Then papacy rose once again which lead to the great struggle in the Roman Empire.