Various scholars of history prefer to study the ancient history of places as it helps them to get an overview of how development has taken place through centuries. Furthermore, this study also helps scholars to acknowledge how the culture of a particular place has flourished. There are various facts and figures related to the history of Italy which intrigues most historians and they prefer to acquire deep knowledge about the subject.
Some Facts Related To The History Of Italy
Findings Of The Prehistoric Era
As per the history of Italy, archeologists have found out Homo neanderthalensis at a site closer to Rome. The findings were around 50,000 years old. Moreover, archeologists have also found Monte d’ Accoddi’s pyramid at Porto Torres which dates back to the 4th millennium before the birth of Jesus Christ. In recent years, a team of archeologists, as well as historians, had also found signs of Beaker culture near Sicily, Tuscany and Sardinia’s coastal areas.
History Of Italy During Iron Age
Around the 8th century, after Phoenician script as well as its adaptations reached various regions proto-historical era started in Italy. Etruscan civilization was established in Italy around 800 BCE and by the historical records and paintings, it can be concluded that they were indigenous and belonged to Villanovan culture. Etruscans used to speak a language that can be considered non-Indo-European and they preferred to live in a monogamous society.
Arrival Of Greeks
During the 8th or 7th BCE, several southern regions of Italy were acquired by Greeks. They also made colonies around Eastern Libya, the Black sea and Massalia. The area of Italy which was acquired by Greeks was termed as Magna Graecia. Greek rulers then started to colonize extensively in and around the area and had written several dialects on walls in the Ancient-Greek language. During this phase, Greek philosophers had offered several alphabets that were written in Chalcidean form.
The Influence Of Romans On History Of Italy
The arrival of the Roman Empire dated around 753 BCE and they had established the empire near Palatine Hill and river Tiber which, present in Italy. During 509 BCE, Roman Emperors had dethroned the rulers and made the country republic. At the time of the Roman Empire, Italy was ruled by several wise kings who had done great works for their countrymen.
Great Works Undertaken By Octavian
In the history of Italy, Octavian was one of the greatest Roman kings who had ruled Ancient Italy during 27 BCE. Due to his mighty army as well as great reforms, he was able to reign for four long decades. Later on, Octavian took the name Augustus and gave the power of the Proconsular imperium in the hands of the Senate. Under the reign of Augustus, Latin literature made a lot of progress. Many patriotic poems were written at that time including Aeneid which is an epic work of Vergil.
Several Battles Which Were Fought By Roman Empire
Under the reign of King Claudius, he planned to include Britain in Rome’s vast empire. Furthermore, the army of the Roman Empire also had to protect themselves from several attacks against Germanic tribes and the Parthian Empire.
One of the greatest battles which were fought by the soldiers of the Roman Empire was with the Jewish Empire. Battles between both the Empires were fought at a time stretch of about seventy years. When Theodosius died, the Roman Empire divided into Western and Eastern parts. It once again reunited after twelve years of chaos.