Romans are seen as the people that made Europe a place that it is today. With their superior civil engineering capabilities, political reforms and powerful military, they conquered the largest landmass under one unified kingdom. Ancient Rome was a republican state and it operated on a sort of democratic approach. The Romans were the most advanced people in many ways as they perfected scientific discoveries with their expertise and also made a lot of discoveries.
Establishment Of Rome
The people of ancient Rome had little to no records about how they came into existence. They maintained this approach until Quintus Fabius Pictor started maintaining the records during the second Punic war. In fact, most of the information about the city comes from Greek historians.
According to the widely accepted mythological story, Romulus and his twin brother Remus were the founders of the city of Rome. It is believed that they were the sons of Rhea Silvia, who was the daughter of Numitor, the king of Alba Longa. It is said that Amulius, the brother of Numitor, usurped him and sat on the throne. He then condemned Rhea to lifelong virginity by making her a Vetsel (priestess). According to the legend, she got pregnant with the child of Mars, who is the Greek god of war. Upon hearing this, Amulius sent her to prison and upon the birth of the twin brothers, he ordered the servants to throw them into the River Tiber.
But the servants couldn’t do so and left the babies at the foot of the Palatine hill. A local herdsmen couple saw them and took them home. They grew to become adults between shepherds and hill-folks.
Upon becoming an adult, they found out about their true origin and set out to overthrow Amulius and reinstate the throne to their grandfather Numitor. They succeeded soon and left the city to establish their city at the foot of Palatine hills. It is said that Romulus created a wall to defend the city and to prove that it isn’t good enough, Remus jumped across the wall. This angered Romulus and he killed his brother.
Soon the villagers from nearby surroundings, herdmen and foreigners started coming to the city and they collectively chose Romulus as their king. This marked the beginning of the Roman legacy.
A Few Discoveries By The People Of Rome That Changed The World
Romans were extremely skilled engineers and understood the importance of science. They invented various things and even made some existing materials more usable. The following are a few discoveries and inventions done by the people in Rome.
The Julian calendar
The Gregorian calendar you see today is heavily based on the Roman calendar and follows the same method of measuring a solar year. It was introduced by Julius Caesar and his astronomer Sosigenes.
Romans were among the first people to perform surgeries and they made several tools for the process. They were the first people to perform surgeries on the battlefield. Emperor Augustus even had a dedicated medical corps in his army.
The astonishing Roman architecture wouldn’t have been possible without concrete. However, the concrete used by them is no match to the concrete used today. It helped them to build a lot of large buildings that are present today also.