The Roman Empire was the greatest and the largest empire that ever existed. Even after hundreds of years since the fall of the Roman Empire, no other nation or power has been able to control such a large portion of land with the efficiency shown by the Romans. There are several historical evidence that suggests the scale of power that Romans had during their peak time.
How Did The Historical Empire Start?
During 1 BCE, Rome was constantly battling civil wars and public unrest. This sparked the need for changing their republic ideology and switch to being an empire. This was the era that saw the rise of Julius Caesar. Although a lot of people think that Julius Caesar was the first emperor of Rome but the information is completely wrong. He was more of a dictator than an emperor according to the senate. Julius Caesar took full power in Rome and maintained peace until his assassination in 44 BCE.
After him, the control of Rome was taken over by his cousin Octavian. He afterward renamed himself as Augustus. Augustus was handed the title of the emperor by the people and the senate themselves because of the success he had in wars and maintaining peace. He revolutionized the historical republican system by mixing the positivity of monarchy and republic government. He created a new system called the Principate.
Under this system, the people chose the senators and they were considered to be the first citizens. They were responsible for advising the emperor and to manage the administration according to the emperor.
Some Of The Important Historical Administration Posts Among Romans
There are a lot of historical texts and records that explain the administration in Rome. Under the Principate system, the following were the most important posts:
The constitution guided the Roman Empire. According to it, the power of the military and the highest administrative abilities will be in the Hand of 2 consuls. They believed that a lot of power in one hand would make the consul into a dictator.
The administration of the empire was done with support from a Praetor. They were the lieutenant in the army and a trusted advisor for the 2 consuls. Praetors were responsible for managing the army, its suppliers and other important things related to war. They also gave ideas and opinions to the consuls during the time of peace as well as for war.
They can be described as the person who was responsible for monitoring and managing the economy of the empire. They created reports every 5 years and were responsible for maintaining records of the land held by citizens. With these reports, tax became easier. The censor also gave financial advice to the consules.
They were responsible for implementing criminal laws, tracking expenditure of money and verifying property papers. Moreover, questors were also in charge of the royal treasury.
A group of 300 aged and experienced citizens was the lifetime members of the senate. The main job of the senate was to advise the consule and to manage, economy, foreign policies, recruitments in the army, finances, and wars. They played an instrumental role in the success of Rome.
The job of the aedil was to look over the police and to maintain law and order in society. They also took care of municipal activities in the empire.