An Introduction To Roman Republic
The Roman Republic was a significant part of Roman history. You might be familiar with this part if you have read Roman history. If not, then in this article, we’ll discuss the Roman Republic and its democratic government.
During the beginning of 509 B.C., Romans excluded the Etruscan Kings and their official authorities. Romans decided to form a mixed type of government due to certain issues. Rome was actually dealing with the problems of their land’s monarchy. This mixed type of government was later known as a republican system.
The official Roman authorities formed this government to solve their land and empire issues. Roman Republic’s event became more successful due to its democratic government. During this event, various laws were written, which was initially followed but not in the 21st century. The Roman Republic lasted for a few decades, and the stability was at a peak due to its government.
According to various historians, this Republic lasted for around 450 years which was quite unexpected. The territories of the Roman civilization were the primary reason for the termination of this republic. Later some significant rulers such as Julius Caesar ruled the empire during the Imperial period.
What Were The Divisions Of The Roman Republic Government?
There were two consuls in the Roman Republican Government. These consuls have superior powers, and they were the highly-demanding officers. The power of this consuls was equally divided, but it only lasted for a year. The consuls were against each other. Apart from all that, they were even following the religious duties. Both the consuls belong to famous Roman families. But later, plebeians were gaining interest in consulship duty. According to the law, one consul should be a plebeian (common low- rank Roman men).
Consuls had higher authorities than the senate. But the consuls have to follow the advice of the senate. The senate consists of a council of elders, they were the common Roman citizens. This council was founded in the Eighth Century B.C. The council of elders always had to plan strategies and provide their advice to consuls. There were various ranks in this council, such as ex-consuls and landowners. The senate was mostly handling Rome’s foreign policy and civil affairs.
This branch was highly democratic than the Senate and Consuls. The Assemblies adopted the voting method for the Roman citizens and slaves. Few retired Roman army officers also joined the Assembly of Centuries. On the other hand, slaves and tribes joined the Assembly of Tribes. The duty of tribes assembly was to maintain peace and handle the political issues. Next comes the Comitia Curiata which comprises 30 Roman citizens. Their duty was to solve the family affairs of the Romans. The last body is the Concilium Plebis, which consists of plebeians.